The revival of the Kingdom of Georgia was set back after Tbilisi was captured and destroyed by the Khwarezmian leader Jalal ad-Din in 1226.  The Mongols were expelled by George V of Georgia , son of Demetrius II of Georgia , who was named "Brilliant" for his role in restoring the country's previous strength and Christian culture. [ citation needed ] George V was the last great king of the unified Georgian state. After his death, different local rulers fought for their independence from central Georgian rule, until the total disintegration of the Kingdom in the 15th century. Georgia was further weakened by several disastrous invasions by Tamerlane . Invasions continued , giving the kingdom no time for restoration, with both Black and White sheep Turkomans constantly raiding its southern provinces. As a result, the Kingdom of Georgia collapsed into anarchy by 1466 and fragmented into three independent kingdoms and five semi-independent principalities. Neighboring large empires subsequently exploited the internal division of the weakened country, and beginning in the 16th century up to the late 18th century, Safavid Iran (and successive Iranian Afsharid and Qajar dynasties) and Ottoman Turkey subjugated the eastern and western regions of Georgia, respectively. [ citation needed ]
Coordinates : 41°19′N 44°21′E / °N °E / ;
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This information has been compiled by the Historic Preservation Division of the Department of Natural Resources — Georgia's State Historic Preservation Office — in collaboration with the Georgia Archaeological Site File at the University of Georgia.