First I read very fast: The point of the first reading is simply to see whether the paper is interesting for me. If it is I read it a second time, slower and with more attention to detail.
As an ethical matter, sticking to mutual funds and blind trusts seems like much better advice. But as an insider trading matter, the important question is whether the aides' trades were made on the basis of material nonpublic information. If they really were made by the brokers without consulting with the aides, then they were presumably fine. Of course, it does seem a little weird to give your broker discretion to trade a lot of individual stocks that you happen to regulate, and it might give rise to suspicion that you are having some secret conversations with the broker to nudge him in the direction you prefer -- but those are suspicions that regulators and prosecutors regularly investigate in corporate insider trading, and could presumably investigate here if they wanted to.
Toastmasters International, a worldwide club dedicated to improving public speaking, devotes the first four chapters of its beginner's manual to organizing the speech itself, including a chapter specifically on the importance of words in conveying meaning and feeling. Only in Chapter 5 and Chapter 6 does it concern itself with body language and vocal variety.
Like the Science Times page on Facebook. | Sign up for the Science Times newsletter.
Looking at top tax rates since 1945, economist Thomas Hungerford (2012) found a positive but statistically insignificant relationship between higher tax rates and a higher ratio of private savings to potential GDP, concluding that the evidence suggests “top tax rates are not associated with private saving.” 18 Similarly, he found the relationship between top tax rates and investment as a share of potential GDP to be statistically insignificant. Looking back to the period of high tax rates predating his analysis, Hungerford’s results are consistent with interwar estimates by Romer and Romer (2012) finding “no evidence that cuts in marginal tax rates increased machinery investment or business construction.”