The numbers and effectiveness of the regular soldiers may have declined during the fourth century: payrolls were inflated so that pay could be diverted and exemptions from duty sold, their opportunities for personal extortion were multiplied by residence in cities, and their effectiveness was reduced by concentration on extortion instead of drill.  However, extortion , gross corruption , and occasional ineffectiveness  were not new to the Roman army; there is no consensus whether its effectiveness significantly declined before 376.  Ammianus Marcellinus , himself a professional soldier, repeats longstanding observations about the superiority of contemporary Roman armies being due to training and discipline, not to physical size or strength.  Despite a possible decrease in its ability to assemble and supply large armies,  Rome maintained an aggressive and potent stance against perceived threats almost to the end of the fourth century. 
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· Finally Pirenne gets to the pivotal point of his argument with the meteoric rise of Islam and how this changes everything for Europe. He points out that the Byzantine empire and Rome had no fears of an attack from the south. There were no signs. There was nothing in Africa or the Middle East (as we call it today) that would …
A more responsible look at addiction would emphasize that it’s at least half genetic :
Jews were in any case never even considered for membership in patricians societies. Unlike non-Lutheran Christians and until their partial emancipation brought on by Napoleonic occupation, however, other avenues to advancement in society were also closed to them.
Such views concerning Ilmaqah can also be seen in the Encyclopaedia Britannica which says: